以后地位:注释

比尔盖茨捐400万,研讨蚊子同室操戈

作者:  泉源: 公布工夫:2018-07-03

要害词: 经过, 蚊子, 传达, 雌性, 叮咬, ┊阅读:次┊

Microsoft founder Bill Gates is pouring $4 million into a project to create killer mosquitoes that destroy each other through sex. 微软开创人比尔·盖茨正在向一个项目投入400万美元,该项目旨在发明出可以经过交配清除其他蚊子的杀手蚊子。 It's a bold bid to curb malaria, a deadly disease typically transmitted through the bite of infected mosquitoes. 这是一个停止疟疾的大胆的实验,这种致命的疾病通常经过受熏染蚊子的叮咬传达。 Gates will use funds from his own charity organization – the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation – to eradicate malaria “within a generation.” 盖茨将应用他本人的慈悲构造——比尔和梅琳达·盖茨基金会——在不到一代人的工夫里铲除疟疾。 The plan is to create genetically-modified male mosquitoes that mate with their female counterparts in the wild. 该方案是为了发明出基因改进的雄蚊,能在田野与雌性蚊子交配。 Only female mosquitoes bite so Gates' army of gene-engineered male mosquitoes would be safe to humans. 只要雌性蚊子会叮咬,以是盖茨的基因工程的雄性蚊子对人类是平安的。 What's important is that these male mosquitoes contain a self-limiting gene that gets passed onto female mates. 紧张的是,这些雄性蚊子含有一种自我限定的基因,会传达给雌性朋友。 When the females give birth, their offspring will die before adulthood thanks to the gene. 当雌性植物临盆时,它们的子女在成年之前就会因基因题目而殒命。 Mosquitoes only start biting people once they're adults, so given enough time, the danger of blood-sucking female mosquitoes could be eradicated. 蚊子只要在成年后才开端叮咬人类,以是只需有充足的工夫,就可以消弭吸血雌蚊的风险。

This means it would be possible to stem the spread of malaria through mosquito bites. 这意味着有能够经过蚊虫叮咬制止疟疾的传达。 They're developed by a UK company called Oxitec, which has dubbed the creations “Friendly Mosquitos” — although their female mates may disagree. 它们是由一家名为Oxitec的英国公司研发的,该公司称这种蚊子为“敌对的蚊子”——虽然它们的雌性朋友能够差别意这种说法。 Oxitec has already created gene-engineered mosquitoes to deal with the Zika virus. Oxitec曾经制造了基因工程蚊子来凑合寨卡病毒。 In some areas, the wild populations of Aedes aegypti (the mosquito that carries Zika) have been reduced by 90 percent. 在一些地域,埃及伊蚊(携带寨卡病毒的蚊子)的野生种群数目增加了90%。 However, not everyone is happy about the prospect of genetically-modified mosquitoes being used to prematurely terminate their offspring. 但是,并不是一切人都对转基因蚊子被用于提早停止厥后代的远景感触快乐。 Oxitec's work has been heavily criticized by Friends of the Earth, a charity dedicated to protecting the environment. Oxitec的任务遭到了努力于维护情况的慈悲构造“地球之友”的严峻批判。 But Bill Gates is a long-time supporter of Oxitec's work. 但是比尔·盖茨是Oxitec的任务的临时支持者。

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